Principality of Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein is a small area bordered by Switzerland to the west and south and by Austria to the east. It is approximately 60 square miles being one of the smallest countries in the world and has an estimated population of 35,000. The country is full of mountain slopes rising about the rhine valley. It's capital is Vaduz which is where the royal family lives. However that is not the biggest city in Liechtenstein the biggest town is Schaan located just north of Vaduz. Since the end of World War II it has seen outstanding economic growth. Despite its small size and limited natural resources, Liechtenstein has developed into a prosperous, highly industrialized, free-enterprise economy. It is the smallest German speaking country in the world. The Constitution of Liechtenstein was adopted in March 2003, replacing the previous 1921 constitution which had established Liechtenstein as a constitutional monarchy headed by the reigning prince of the Princely House of Liechtenstein. A parliamentary system had been established, and Parliament elects from among its members a “Landesausschuss” made up of the president of the parliament and four additional members. Liechtenstein in entirely in the alps giving it a very beautiful mountainous terrain.

Culture

The Vaduz Castle Which is home to the Royal Family

Because of it's small size Liechtenstein's culture is influenced by many other countries. Most of these countries being Southern German speaking areas such as Bavaria. Some of the more well known sports in Liechtenstein are swimming, tennis, hiking and skiing. Out of those hiking, and skiing are the most popular, due to the beautiful mountainous terrain. Music and theatre are another major part in their culture. One of the largest parts of the culture in Liechtenstein is Winter sports which are focused mainly in Malbun, and Steg due to the fact that they are two of the cities highest above sea level in Liechtenstein. They have won nine medals in the olympics (all in skiing) which is the most medals per capita than any other country. One tradition in Liechtenstein is 'Funkensonntag' ('Spark Sunday'), just before Easter, when straw witches are burnt on gigantic bonfires - recalling heathen ceremonies to drive away winter and also the burning of witches. The major religion according to the 2000 census is Catholics who make up 78 percent of the population.

Tourism

  • Vaduz Art Gallery- The art gallery is housed in the Englishmen's Building. The first floor is temporary exhibitions the second floor is where the collection of the Prince's Gallery “From Breugel to Rubens” can be found.
  • Drei Schwestern (Three Sisters)- Is a mountain with three peaks about seven miles from Vaduz there is a road that tourist's hike up for two and a half hours to the Kuhgrat, the highest point of this diverse Mountain hike which offers excellent views of the Rätikon and the Swiss mountains and Vorarlberg. There are unforgettable and the views down to the villages along the Rhine to Lake Constance and the beautiful Rubble fauna.
  • Gutenberg Castle- Located in Balzers it was built in the 13th century. It towers over the village of Balzers on a 70 metre high boulder.
  • The Vaduz Castle- Official residence of the Prince of Liechtenstein.
  • The Vaduz Cathedral- Church Built in 1873

Vokabeln

  • 'Funkensonntag'- Spark Sunday
  • Drei Schwestern- Three Sisters
  • Fürstentum- Principality
  • Landesausschuss- National Committee
ger/101/2010/fall/pete_zimmermann.txt · Last modified: 2010/10/19 23:27 (external edit)
 
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