Third Reich

When the National Socialist regime came to power in 1933, and the start of World War II in 1939, Siemens along with many German companies were integrated into the military preparations and the new war economy. This meant that Siemens had much larger production quotas to fill for the German war effort, and to keep up with demand Siemens built many barracks plants that housed a large amount of workers. One of the efforts of the National Socialist was to combat that large number of unemployed workers, and with many of the men going to fight, brought in many foreign laborers as well as employing a much higher amount of women into the work force. Many of the initial laborers worked in manufacturing on their own free will, but as the war dragged on people were starting to be forced into labor. by 1941 much of the German economy was forced labor, ranging from manufacturing to agriculture.

Innovations

Many innovations occurred during the war effort from Siemens, one of the biggest changes in the company was in electrical medicine. The mobile x-ray unit was developed to allow doctors to be able to diagnose injured civilians and soldiers in any range of locations as opposed to the conventional means of going to a hospital. Siemens also created a new electron accelerator that was used primarily to treat cancer. Another invention that was being worked on during the war would be the pacemaker for people with severe cardiac arrhythmia.

End of the War

By the end of WWII and the collapse of the National Socialist party, many of the industry buildings were heavily damaged and in ruins due to air raids on Germany. Along with damaged property, all materials of Siemens and other German companies are confiscated, and all patents and trademarks are rescinded. The total loss of Siemens reach 2.58 billion euros which amounted to 4/5ths of the companies totals assets. This lead to a very grim future for Siemens and possible the end of the company. To allow for the companies survival much of the Siemens managerial staff are moved to south and west Germany and began to independently reconstruct. This divide and conquer tactic allowed for many sectors of the company to remain in functioning condition and eventually they separate companies were able to merge back together once times had settled down.

ger/101/2011/fall/during_wwii.txt · Last modified: 2011/10/25 23:24 by zmjohnson
 
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