**Hitler Youth**

Background Information

Adolf Hitler was elected chancellor of Germany on January 30, 1933. He established the Nazi regime in Germany known as The Third Reich. Within the first couple months of his regime, he banned all other political parties. He abolished the presidency and proclaimed himself “Führer of the German People”. All soldiers and government employees swore a new oath of personal loyalty to Hitler as Führer. The Nazi party extensively used propaganda to turn the German people against any minority group. Hitler believed that the future of Nazi Germany was its children. He also believed support from the youth was vital to the future of The Third Reich.

“The weak must be chiselled away. I want young men and women who can suffer pain. A young German must be as swift as a greyhound, as tough as leather, and as hard as Krupp's steel.” -Adolf Hitler

The Hitler Youth

The Hitler Youth (Hitler Jugend or HJ) was created before Hitler came to power. It was created in the 1920s, and after he came to power he abolished all other youth movements, which were a part of German culture back then, and as a result the Hitler Youth grew rapidly. The Hitler Youth was overseen by Balder von Shirach. By 1933 the Hitler Youth grew to 100,000 members and by 1936 it grew to 4,000,000 members. At first, it was not required join to the Hitler Youth but it was better for you and your family if you did. Then in 1941, Hitler made it mandatory that boys and girls, joined the HJ's. The Hitler Youth was for boys and girls, ages 6-18.

Hitler Youth: Boys

Boys Age 6-10: Boys joined “Pimpf”, which means “little fellows”, they did mainly outdoor activities such as hiking and camping. Age 13-18: Boys joined the 'Deutsches Jungvolk” which means German Young People. Their main activities included; Marching, bayonet drills, grenade throwing, trench digging, map reading, gas defense, use of dugouts, how to get under barbed wire, and pistol shooting. HJ's were issued knives. HJ's wore uniforms, attended rallies and meetings where they were indoctrinated with Nazi views of Anti-Semitism and racial pride.

Hitler Youth: Girls

Girls Age 10-14: Girls joined “Jungmadelbund”, which means League of Young Girls. Age 14-18: Girls joined “Bund Deutscher Madel” which means League of German Girls. Girls had to be able to run 60 meters in 14 seconds, throw a ball 12 meters, complete a 2 hour march, swim 100 meters, and know how to make a bed.Hitler believed During World War II, the girls of the BDM played a significant role in the ideological and propaganda side. The girls division of Hitler Youth was much more ideological then the boys. Sometimes estranged from their families, the girls would become their family’s ideological guides and guards

**Fun Fact**

Joseph Ratzinger (Pope Benedict XVI) was a member of the Hitler Youth. No, he was not a Nazi. He joined the Hitler Youth in 1941, shortly after joining became compulsory or mandatory.

References

- Hein, Avi. “Hitler Youth (HJ).” Hitler Youth (HJ). N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2012.

- “Hitler Youth Movement.” Hitler Youth Movement. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2012. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/hitler_youth.htm>

- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. “The Holocaust.” Holocaust Encyclopedia. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/?ModuleId=10005143. Accessed on {9 November 2012}.

- “Pope Benedict XVI Pics 01.” TurnbacktoGod.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2012. <http://www.turnbacktogod.com/pope-benedict-xvi-pics-01/>.

- “Nazi Germany - Hitler Youth.” Nazi Germany. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2012. <http://www.historyonthenet.com/Nazi_Germany/hitler_youth.htm>.

ger/101/2012/fall/bobby_norell.txt · Last modified: 2012/11/09 16:57 by renorell
 
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