Before the Wall

With the eventual complete military defeat of Germany’s army and the surrender of Berlin after WWII ended, the allied forces took over the city. The Soviet Union controlled the Eastern sector of the country while the French, British and American controlled the Western sectors. During this occupation the allies changed the currency to help regrow the German economy. The Soviets however did not agree with this and enacted a blockade which would stop food, fuel and other essential goods from entering Berlin. In response to this, the Allied forces used a constant airlift that brought essential goods to the blocked area. During this time, there were planes landing or taking off every 90 seconds. This went on for over a year and ended in 1949. There were several distinct differences between East Germany and West Germany. One was political ties. The West was considered a free democratic state while the East imposed a strict Communist rule. While Berlin was in East Germany, half of the city was a democratic zone whose freedom attracted refugees from East Berlin. This became a problem to East Germany because people were rapidly leaving the communist state for freedom. The Soviets saw one option to keep the population from leaving; build a wall.

ger/101/2013/fall/before_the_wall.txt · Last modified: 2013/10/01 14:42 by screiman
 
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