Dachau Concentration Camp

The Camp

On March, 22, 1933, a few weeks after Adolf Hitler became Reich Chancellor. This concentration camp was the first official concentration camp. The camp is in the on the grounds of a abandoned munitions factory near the city of Dachau. Dachau is very close to Munich which is in the state of Bavaria in southwest Germany. It was set up for political prisoners. In the early years, many prisoners served a specific time and then would be released. The camp served as a model camp for all the other camps that would later be opened. It was also set up as a “school of violence” for SS men. The camp was open for twelve years and in those twelve years over 200,000 people from all over Europe was help as prisoners. 41,500 were murdered in this camp. On April 29, 1945, American troops liberated the survivors.

A camp divided

The Dachau camp is set across five acres of land with 32 barracks for the prisoners. The camp was split into two hafts. One side was the camp area and crematorium. One barrack was used for those who were going against the Nazi regime and then one for medical experiments. The guards picked Polish priests for the medical experiments. Many of the Poles got the worse treatment. Some were given phlegmons, some used for malaria experiments, some sent out on “invalid trains”, or guards would beat them to death or make them run until they died. Another was guards punished the prisoners would be to make them stand in row like they normally would for attendance, but this time for hours on end. Prisoners would stand then and if a person collapsed, the guards would beat them and drag them off and continue with the torture.

The Camp Today

The camp finally closed its doors in 1960, but was reopened as a memorial site which thousands of people visit daily. You walk thru the same entrance as the prisoners once did. Once walking thru thru the gates, you see the open area between the barracks and the main building. In the main building there is a museum which you can walk around and read about the history of the camp. You can also watch and movie about the camp and then after you can walk the grounds of the camp. Walking thru the camp, knowing what went on here is sickening. Walking into the gas chambers and where the bodies were burned just makes you speechless. Knowing that so many innocent people lost their lives here makes it hard to describe the feeling that you get.

German Words

concentration camp-Konzentrationslager or KZ

political prisoners-politischen Gefangenen

model camp-Modell Camp

school of volience-Schule der Gewalt

torture-Folter

Sources

“Historical Site.” Timeline 1933 – 1945 History of the Dachau Concentration Camp. KZ Gedenkstaette-Dachau, n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2013.

Walden, Geoffrey R. “Dachau Concentration Camp.” Dachau Concentration Camp. Geoffrey R. Walden, 20 July 2000. Web. 24 Oct. 2013.

“Dachau Concentration Camp.” , Munich Visitors Guide. Cityscooter.com, n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2013.

“Dachau Concentration Camp.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 24 Oct. 2013. Web. 24 Oct. 2013.

“Dachau Picture - View of a Section of the Dachau Concentration Camp.” Dachau Picture - View of a Section of the Dachau Concentration Camp. About.com, n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2013.

ger/101/2013/fall/dachau_concentration_camp.txt · Last modified: 2013/10/24 17:45 by wahall
 
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