Important Vocabulary

Europäischan Union - European Union

Land - Country

Gemeinsamen Marktes - Common Market

Währung - Currency

Deutschlands Einfluss - Germany's Influence

Deutsche Vorstellung

Heute ich bin sprechen über die Europäischen Union. Ich bin erklären wie und warum es hat angefangen. Deutschland hat das stabilste Land in Europa gemacht. Beide finanziell und auch politisch. Deutschland haben oft anderen Ländern helfen finanziell gebeten, weil andere Länder denken sie Deutschland stabilste haben. In der Zukunft, Deutschlands Einfluss sind noch größer.

Die Europäische Union begann als des Gemeinsamen Marktes im neunzehn funf und funfzig. Die Politik in Europa änderte uber der nächsten vierzig Jahre. Wen der Kommunismus endete um neunzehn drei und neunzig, wollen die Länder in Europa bilden ein ständiges Finanzsystem. Die Europäische Union hat im neunzehn dri und neunzig beginnen. Auch, die Währung, der Euro, hat im zwei tousand und funf beginnen.

Germany and it's role in the European Union

Postwar Europe

After World War II European countries held a strong desire to end the frequent wars that had historically beset the Continent, which culminated in that great conflict. Beginning in the 1950's, the European Industrial Complex began to unite European countries economically and politically in order to secure lasting peace. In 1957, the Treaty of Rome created the European Economic Community (EEC), or Common Market. The six founders are Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.

1960 - 1989 and The Wall Falls

Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom joined the Union on 1 January 1973, raising the number of member states to nine. Arab-Israeli war of October 1973 resulted in an energy crisis and economic problems in Europe, requiring an even greater degree of cooperation among member countries. Some Common Market members, which by then was being referred to as the EU, started to transfer huge sums to create jobs and infrastructure in poorer areas. The European Parliament increased its influence in EU affairs and in 1979 all citizens could, for the first time, elect their members directly.

In 1981, Greece became the 10th member of the EU and Spain and Portugal follow five years later. In 1987 the Single European Act was signed. This was a treaty which provided the basis for a vast six-year program aimed at sorting out the problems with the free-flow of trade across EU borders and thus created the Single Market.

On 9 November 1989, the Berlin Wall is pulled down and the border between East and West Germany was opened for the first time in 28 years. This lead to the Reunification of Germany in October 1990.

1990 - Today

With the collapse of communism across central and eastern Europe, Europeans become closer neighbors. In 1993 the Single Market was completed with the the four freedoms of: movement of goods, services, people and money. The 1990s was also the decade of two treaties, the Maastricht Treaty on European Union in 1993 and the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1999. People are concerned about how to protect the environment and also how Europeans can act together when it comes to security and defense matters. In 1995 the EU gained three more new members, Austria, Finland and Sweden. A small village in Luxembourg gave its name to the Schengen agreements that gradually allow people to travel without having their passports checked at the borders. Millions of young people were able to study in other countries with EU support. Communication was made easier as more and more people started using mobile phones and the internet.

Germany's Role In the EU

It was the concept of a European Union initiated by Germany that, in addition to a Currency Union (Euro), had as its goal an extended Political Union that was capable of acting. Germany championed a gradual adaptation and advancement of the institutional structure, the clarification of areas of responsibility and the corresponding expansion of the democratic quality of EU decisions. German foreign policy promoted expanding civil society structures; it was committed to helping overcome natural disasters, asserting democratic and human rights, and champions dialog among equals.

Gerhard Schröder and Angela Merkel

The fact that Germany can live this role stems from the trust carefully nurtured over the decades. German politics is today measured not against the yardstick of the destructive apparatus of the Third Reich, but against its achievements in development and integration. Reunited Germany has demonstrated that it can handle international responsibility and open up other perspectives.

Germany is the most powerful and most stable country in Europe. The Germans desire a Europe that is democratic and transparent, with a strengthened European Union and clearly defined areas of responsibility. Currently, in line with their country’s gross domestic product, the Germans provide some 20 percent of the EU budget. It is in Germany’s interest for Europe to be a vibrant continent, in economic terms as well. The integration process has proved to be a suitable basis for ensuring peace, prosperity and security.

Twenty years after the collapse of the old Europeaan order, countires are adapting to the conditions in the new, global economy. For all the competition, countries will only achieve unity and harmony if they see each other as partners. The Germans, whose country is integral to the success of the international community to an extent of hardly any other, are well aware of the opportunities this offers. It was the leadership of Gerhard Schröder and Angela Merkel who emphatically championed the appropriate representation of the new eastern European states. With its central location at the heart of today’s European Union Germany enjoys a special benefit from living in peace and harmony with its neighbors.

ger/102/2012/winter/doug_engelman.txt · Last modified: 2012/02/05 15:25 by djengelman
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