Martin Luther: German Revolutionary

Martin Luther was a religious and social revolutionary. Martin Luther thought that the Church was not doing what God wanted them to do, and he expressed his opinions through his 95 Theses. Luther did not like indulgences because he believed that only one’s faith alone could give you salvation. Luther believed that there should not be a middle man between the people and God; all people were “God’s priests” and their relationship with God should be liberated (25:47). Because of his radical beliefs, Martin Luther was excommunicated from the Church. He did not take this to heart, though. He threw the paper of excommunication into a bonfire and allowed it to burn. Luther traveled across Germany to go speak with the princes and the Roman emperor to be tried. While traveling across Germany, he learned that he was loved by the people of Germany and that his teachings were greatly admired. The princes of Germany and the Roman Emperor wanted him to recant his writings, but he refused to do so. They did not like that he contradicted them; he spoke of what he believed was the truth and he was one of the first people to actually do so. Before this time, people would not speak of their truths and stand behind what they said. Luther’s actions and words began the time that people actually stood up for what they believed (35:01). While Luther was staying in a castle secluded, he translated the Bible into German so that everyone who could read would be able to read the word of God. Shortly after this, the first acts of revolution began. Nuns began to leave the convents and priests left the Church to marry and live their lives as congregation members instead of priests. People then began to tear down the images off the walls of the Church (42:01). Many of the people who did this were the people who actually paid for these images and statues. The people then took over schools that were run by the church, confiscated church funds to set up welfare systems, and also “seized control of town’s administration.” (44:05) They did not believe that the Church should handle these matters anymore. Luther did not plan on all of this happening. He did not want people to revolt against their government or even the Church really. Luther wanted the people to acknowledge God’s truth and to do God’s will. He told the people that they must stop this social revolution and be only concerned with themselves and God (45:17). The peasants were supposed to obey the law, but practice their own religious beliefs (47:22). They did not listen, though, and the princes of Germany were forced to slaughter the rebels. Luther believed that they almost deserved their fate because they were “agents of the devil” (48:18). Later, Luther married an ex-nun and had a large family. He continued to write and was always devoted to what he believed in and speaking out about what he believed. Through his writings, Luther sparked a social and religious revolution among the people of Germany even though all he wanted was for the people to see the corruption in the Church and follow God’s true will.

Hannah Kramer: 537 words

ger/102/2012/winter/hannah_kramer-_martin_luther.txt · Last modified: 2012/03/08 09:25 by hckramer
 
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