Martin Luther Video Reflection

How was Martin Luther a revolutionary in a social and religious sense?

Martin Luther studied the bible. With this knowledge, he created opinions of how the church should run according to the words of the bible. Because these views were different to how the church was currently running, his ideas were considered radical. The church threatened him with excommunication, damned for eternity. Yet, this only gave him more courage and incentive to pursue his ideas. He ignored all threats and bole of excommunication outlawed by the pope. The church charged him with hieratic.

Martin Luther was a writer, so he communicated all of his opinions through novels and pamphlets. From person to person, his ideas were exchanged gained popularity. Luther unintentionally sparked the Wittenburg revolution in the church, as well as, the deadly peasant revolution. Although he had not intended for this violence to erupt, it was his idea of individual freedom that sparked this social revolution. Because of the bold moves and writing of Martin Luther, religion as we know it has been altered. He caused every church member to question their clergy. Peasants interpreted Luther’s work in social terms. They then questioned their own rulers, the Lords.

What criticisms did Martin Luther have of German Society?

Martin Luther’s greatest concern was the massive involvement and power the church had in each of the individual’s lives. He claimed that the community’s money was being sucked from their pockets and used to pay for the clothes, food, or any desire of the pope or other clergy members. He claimed that the church took advantage of the individuals due to their uncertainty of gaining salvation. Luther stressed that ordinary Christians had a right and role to rule the church, rather than be ruled. Thus, this stressed individual freedom. Furthermore, Martin Luther acknowledged that through his involvement in the church, there was a lack of agreement. Popes and priests contradicted one another in their lectures, and this frustrated Luther.

How did he pose to change it?

After years of involvement in the church and witnessing its flaws, Martin Luther wrote novels upon novels about his criticisms. The boldest move he did though, was write out 95 thesis listing all of the problems he found. He nailed these 95 thesis on the door of the church to address the problem head on. Because of the invention of the printing press, Luther, the first propagandist, was allowed to print hundreds of copies of his thesis and distribute these ideas to the public ears. For those who could not read, Martin Luther created corresponding visuals. His universal, crude, sarcastic, witty, and profound language quickly attracted a large following among varies classes of society. Martin Luther had an image of a liberated church. He stated that “if you wanted to build, you must first destroy”. Thus he approached from the angle of the people. In order to see a response though, individuals must confidently speak the truth and question tradition and authority. We saw this willingness to undergo death for one’s beliefs or principles in Martin Luther.

ger/102/2012/winter/katelyn_zumpf-martin_luther.txt · Last modified: 2012/03/08 16:22 by kbzumpf
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