In medieval times the church ruled in most communities. The church was involved in social institutions such as public education and social discipline as well as each and every person’s individual religious life. Martin Luther was a monk who had a strong faith in God and religion, but after spending his life living by the Bible and the Catholic Church, he started to believe that the Church had overstepped its boundaries according to the Bible. Martin Luther used his education, wit, and faith in God to try to reform the Catholic Church as well as sparking a social revolution he never expected to arise.

Luther noted that somehow, the Church had gained control or gotten tied into the country’s economics over the years since its founding. Luther tried to get government officials on the side of his reformation by bringing their attention to how much German money was being sent to Rome (12:00). Luther began to convince officials that the hard earned German money was going to the Pope for him to live in luxury, instead of being used for any real religious purposes (12:53). Luther is most famous for his 95 Thesis that he nailed to the door of a Catholic church describing all the aspects in which Luther thought the Church had gone too far, or things the Church said was essential for salvation and yet were not backed up in the Bible. Things like the Seven Sacraments, which states that in order to be saved, a man must go to the Church and have the priests perform different rituals and ceremonies, usually for a fee (23:29). Luther believed that the Church has invented certain aspects to the Catholic religion to make themselves more of a middleman for personal salvation. Luther noted that the sorts of things the Catholic Church requested of the public weren’t supported by the Bible and needed to be reformed.

He proposed that the only way to try and reform the Catholic Church was to fight it. He never intended to create such a revolution with his words, but in the end he was determined to stand by his principle of essentially democratizing the Church (14:45). Luther wanted every Christian to know that they can make a difference in their own spiritual lives instead of having to listen to a Priest, or the Pope, whom he believed had no real power over such matters (25:00). Martin Luther used the printing press as his main tool for his protest of the Church (10:19). He wanted every German to be aware and to fight against the Church. To the people, he was a revolutionary: the way he wrote, inspired and intrigued the common people into action. He was so inspirational, there was a break in society and the Church where the common folk decided it was their time to fight back. They ran out clergymen from churches and essentially broke the old traditional order of things in order to restructure their society without the Church being the center of it all. As his revolution spreads he paves the way for others to the idea of reforming the Church to their own needs, leading to a spark of new religions: Calvinism, Church of England etc. Word count: 538

ger/102/2012/winter/samantha_elliott_-martin_luther.txt · Last modified: 2012/03/14 01:33 by smelliott
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