European Union

europa.eu_about-eu_basic-information_symbols_images_flag_yellow_low.jpg www.poltronafraumiami.net_static_gallery_projects_eu_parliament_building_20121016145758.jpg

Original six countries in 1951:

  • Belgium
  • France
  • West Germany
  • Italy
  • Luxembourg
  • Netherlands

The 28 member states currently in the EU:

  • Austria (1995)
  • Belgium (1952)
  • Bulgaria (2007)
  • Croatia (2013)
  • Cyprus (2004)
  • Czech Republic (2004)
  • Denmark (1973)
  • Estonia (2004)
  • Finland (1995)
  • France (1952)
  • Germany (1952)
  • Greece (1981)
  • Hungary (2004)
  • Ireland (1973)
  • Italy (1952)
  • Latvia (2004)
  • Lithuania (2004)
  • Luxembourg (1952)
  • Malta (2004)
  • Netherlands (1952)
  • Poland (2004)
  • Portugal (1986)
  • Romania (2007)
  • Slovakia (2004)
  • Slovenia (2004)
  • Spain (1986)
  • Sweden (1995)
  • United Kingdom (1973)

Candidate countries

  • Iceland
  • Montenegro
  • Serbia
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Turkey

Statistics

  • 505.7 million inhabitants (7.3% of world population)
  • The EU’s GDP in 2012 was $16.584 trillion. (1st in the world)
  • In 2012 the EU was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

  Governmental structure of the EU

www.e-architect.co.uk_images_jpgs_france_european_parliament_a141011_8.jpg

The Euro was introduced in 1999.

The European Union does not have a unified military, but relies on NATO. Twenty-two of the European Union countries are in NATO and the rest follow laws of neutrality.

Advantages for Germany and all countries to be in the EU: • Open borders, so it is easier to travel between countries and tourism is up. • With the open borders, people can easily travel between countries and find employment. • Economic growth • Free trade zone • With the standardized Euro there is no exchange rate.

Disadvantages for Germany and all countries to be in the EU: • Having to lend money to other countries, e.g. Greece, without certainty of repayment. • Countries no longer have total control over their own laws and economic policies. • If one country goes to war, Germany would also be pulled in. • If one of the major countries’ economies in the EU goes down, it would ruin the Euro for the other countries.  

Bibliography

ger/102/2014/winter/european_union_ii.txt · Last modified: 2014/01/26 13:09 by nolache
 
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